Fish Farming: Salt Water Aquafarming And Aquaculture In North America

Aquafarming is a form of aquaculture that allows farmers to raise fish, mollusks, crustaceans, and other aquatic lifeforms in either fresh or saltwater habitats. There are many different forms and methods of aquaculture and aquafarming today, each with their own benefits, differences, challenges, and marine environment requirements. An example would be the increasing popularity of Aquaponics Systems for large farms as well as home gardening. Below, we will be taking a look at the process of aquafarming in saltwater off of the coasts of North America in both the Pacific and the Atlantic Ocean.

What is saltwater aquafarming?

Aquaculture, which is also known as aquafarming, is a process that usually involves the rearing, stocking, breeding, protecting, and feeding of a variety of different marine life forms. The word farming, in this case, means human intervention aimed to enhance production for a gain of some kind. Saltwater aquafarming is just that, an aquatic farm that utilizes saltwater as opposed to fresh water and is usually stationed in a coastal region. There are many different ways that farmers today can benefit from saltwater aquafarming.

The History of Aquafarming

Understanding this form of aquaculture is easier if you start at the beginning. Aquafarming has actually been practiced for thousands of years in areas that span across the globe. The first recorded evidence of this farming method involves the indigenous people of Australia using the floodplains to corral and raise fish. In North America German colonists first began farming in the 18th century. Oyster farming off of the Atlantic Coast quickly became a lucrative and profitable method of early North American aquaculture.

How have things changed in the 21st century?

The methods of aquafarming have changed dramatically in North America and around the world over the last few centuries. Today, farms are able to implement new equipment and pumping systems that allow for larger farms, greater quantities of fish or marine animals, and more. New species specifically engineered for domestic farming have even been bred. For more on how aquafarming in the 21st century has changed, go to this

Which species groups are most commonly farmed in North America?

The list of aquatic species farmed in North America today is pretty extensive. Below, we’ll take a look at the main species farmed today and which animals are farmed within each sub-category.

Ocean enclosures can hold many different kinds of fish. Some of the most commonly farmed saltwater fish are salmon, red drum, and flounder. For more on specific fish species,go to Wikipedia> Fish Farming.

Aquatic Plants

Many types of algae, microalgae, seaweed, and plankton are grown in coastal saltwater farms.


Crustaceans are grown in both the Pacific and Atlantic regions. Shrimp, prawns, crab, and lobster are all crustaceans that may be farmed in North America.


Mollusks like oysters and mussels are often grown in North America in areas on both coasts both north and south. This is called Oyster farming or Geoduck aquaculture. For more information about these farming methods, go to wikipedia> Oyster Farming.


So there you have it, a basic overview of saltwater aquaculture in North America. A versatile industry that has a long list of advantages and can be done using a wide range of methods.

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